Rivista di Politica Economica

The economic debate on the meaning of the terms welfare andworlcfare is always very fertile; sometimes experts oppose these two words, other times they assimilate them, and at times they distinguish them according to upheld theses. Here I would like to refer to their simplest and most rea1 meaning, by calling welfare(Social Security) “to do well” and workfare (employment policy) “to create or produce jobs”.

Of course the turo terms can be synergetic or opposite and this fact introduces the first problem I want to face: to analyze Italian data of the last twenty years in order to assess which wel-

fare has been realized in Italy and how it has impacted on theworkfare of this country.

As for worlcfare – to create or produce jobs – a second dis- tinction sounds suitable: the debate among economists has mainly associated the tvorlcfare concept with microeconomic policies that are actions or ways aiming at looking for or finding job oppor- tunities, improving the profession and joining the labor market again. However, it is necessary to clarify that a macroeconomic

workfare also exists: it is job production that depends on the structure of the economic system and the impact of economic policy.

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